The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Cardiovascular diseases are universal cause leading to increased mortality. This is worldwide fact except in Africa. Together they resulted in 17.9 million deaths (32.1%) in 2015 up from 12.3 million (25.8%) in 1990. Deaths, at a given age, due to cardiovascular diseases are more common and have been increasing in much of the developing countries, while rates have declined in most of the developed countries since 1970s. Coronary artery disease and stroke constitute for 80% of CVD deaths in males and 75% of CVD deaths in females. Most cardiovascular disease affects older adults. In the United States 11% of people between 20 and 40 suffer from CVD, while 37% between 40 and 60, 71% of people between 60 and 80, and 85% of people over 80 have CVD. The average count of deaths from coronary artery disease in the developed world is around 80 years of age while it is around 68 years in the developing world. Disease onset is generally seven to ten years earlier in men as compared to women.
- Track 1-1Atherosclerosis
- Track 1-2Coronary artery disease
- Track 1-3Cardiomyopathy
- Track 1-4Transient ischemic attacks ( angina pectoris and myocardial infarction)
- Track 1-5Cardiac defects in pregnancy
Cardiovascular drugs are used to treat the abnormal conditions of heart or circulatory system or vascular system. They are a group of complicated drugs which are used to treat multiple heart conditions. Cardiac medications are used to increase the blood supply and to decrease the work load on the heart. This sub-topic includes alpha, beta blockers, angiotensin II receptor blockers, dual antiplatelet therapy, ACE inhibitors, digoxin preparations, diuretics and vasodilators. There are 120 Companies in USA that are making Cardiac Therapeutic Agents in Cardiology. Around 6 new drugs were introduced in 2015 and 2 drugs were introduced in 2016. There are many types of cardiovascular drugs in the market that include Corlanor (ivabradine), Kanuma (sebelipase alfa), Byvalson (nebivolol and valsartan), and Yosprala (aspirin and omeprazole).
- Track 2-1Alpha and beta blockers
- Track 2-2Dual antiplatelet therapy
- Track 2-3Angiotensin-II receptor blockers
- Track 2-4Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors
- Track 2-5Digoxin preparations, diuretic and vasodilators
Pediatric Cardiology plays a major role in the diagnosis of congenital heart defects, performing diagnostic procedures such as echocardiograms, cardiac catheterizations, and for the ongoing management of the sequel of heart disease in infants, children and adolescents. The inclined graph of neonates with congenital heart defects referred to the neonatal intensive care unit reflects the increasing awareness that the defects may be present. Chest radiography and ECG rarely used in the neonatal diagnosis. Congestive heart failure in the fetus, or hydrops, can be detected by performing fetal echocardiography. Nursing and care for pediatric cardiac patients also plays an important role for the cure of pediatric cardiac patients.
- Track 3-1Patent ductus arteriosus
- Track 3-2Atrial septal defect
- Track 3-3Pediatric cardiac tumors
- Track 3-4Specific congenital heart defects
Heart is a major muscular organ in humans and animals. It plays a crucial role in supply of blood, a fluid connective tissue to the various parts of the body. It provides the body with oxygen and nutrients and also directs in the removal of metabolic wastes. Heart is divided into four chambers: upper left and right atria and lower left and right ventricles. Heart consists of heart valves which prevent the backflow. The wall of heart consists of three layers namely epicardium, endocardium and myocardium. The heart pumps the blood with the help of a rhythm proposed by a group of pacemaking cells in sinoatrial node. This causes contraction of heart and generates a current which travels along the conduction system of heart. During this process the blood low in oxygen enters the heart where the oxygen is used and gets metabolized to carbon dioxide and is transferred to lungs.
- Track 4-1Pathways of veins, arteries and capillaries
- Track 4-2Thermoregulation
- Track 4-3Protection from infections
- Track 4-4Hormonal delivery
The surgeries done on the vessels of heart by the cardiac surgeons are known as cardiac surgery. Cardiac surgeries are implemented to treat ischemic heart diseases, congenital heart diseases, rheumatic heart disease including endocarditis. It also includes heart transplantation. Cardiopulmonary bypass techniques has reduced the mortality rates of these surgeries to relatively low ranks. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the most common type of heart surgery. CABG improves blood flow to the heart. Surgeons use CABG to treat people who have severe coronary heart disease (CHD).
- Track 5-1Open heart surgery
- Track 5-2Coronary artery bypass grafting
- Track 5-3Transmyocardial laser revascularization
- Track 5-4Cardiothoracic Surgery
- Track 5-5Pediatric cardiovascular surgery
Congenital heart block is a rare disorder which has an occurrence of about 1 in 22,000 live births. The underlying cause for congenital heart block is any disturbances in the transfer of electrical nerve impulses that regulate the normal rhythmic, pumping action of cardiac muscle. If the transmission of the electrical signal is obstructed, the blocked transmission is known as heart block or AV block. If the blockade occurs in fetus or new born then the condition is known as congenital heart block. Thus condition neither alters the flow of blood nor cause any blockage or damage to the major or minor coronary arteries.
- Track 6-1Neonatal lupus syndrome
- Track 6-2Congenital heart block in adults
- Track 6-3Fetal heart block in pregnancy
- Track 6-4Congenital heart block with sjoren syndrome
Cardiac remodeling also known as ventricular remodeling is defined as altered genomic expression leading to molecular, cellular and interstitial changes which cause changes in shape, size, structure and function of the heart. Cardiac myocyte is the major cell involved in cardiac remodeling. The underlying cause for cardiac remodeling may be physiological or pathological remodeling, cardiac load, hemodynamic load, neurohumoral activation. Chronic hypertension, valvular heart disease, congenital heart disease may also lead to cardiac remodeling. Cardiac remodeling may further lead to myocardial necrosis and disproportionate thinning of heart.
- Track 7-1Hypertensive ventricular remodeling
- Track 7-2Atrial remodeling
- Track 7-3Reverse cardiac modeling
- Track 7-4Medication for cardiac remodeling
Cardiac diseases can be treated with the help of various implantable devices. Individuals suffering with serious arrhythmias and heart blocks are the subjects for implantable defibrillators. People with heart failure develop abnormal conduction of the heart’s electrical system that changes the regular rhythms of heart. Cardiac resynchronization therapy, also known as biventricular pacing, serves as one of the method for cardiac treatment. A left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is a battery-operated, mechanical pump-type device which is implanted in the body surgically. Coronary artery bypass surgery diverts the blood supply around a blocked section of the artery. During this procedure, surgeons isolate healthy blood vessels from another part of the body, such as a leg or the chest wall. They then surgically attach the vessels to the diseased artery in such a way that the blood can flow around the blocked section.
- Track 8-1Left ventricular assist device
- Track 8-2Implantable cardioverter defibrillators
- Track 8-3Cardiac resynchronization therapy
- Track 8-4Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP)
Heart failure is a condition in which the heart is not able to pump enough blood throughout the body for its normal function. The cause of this can be either functional or structural disorder of the heart. Common causes of heart failure include cardiomyopathy, hypertension, heart valve problems and coronary artery disease. There is no heart failure cure. With respect to the heart, stem cells have the ability to not only home into the damaged areas but also to initiate a cascade of biological events which both culminate in healing of the heart muscle. For example, animal studies have demonstrated that stem cell therapy will cause new muscle cells to be formed through stimulation of dormant stem cells that are already inside the heart muscle. In these studies, the administered stem cell also transformed into new heart muscle cells.
- Track 9-1Heart stem surgery
- Track 9-2Stem cell heart regeneration
- Track 9-3Stem cell therapy for congestive heart failure
- Track 9-4Current status of cell therapy in cardiomyopathy
Invasive diagnostic and therapeutic techniques are indispensable for the diagnosis and interventional treatment of coronary artery disease, valvular involvement and, in particular, if the specific components of the inflammatory or degenerative processes in rheumatic disease are to be identified in the different components of the heart. Although impairment of cardiac function and ischaemia can be suspected also by non-invasive techniques, coronary involvement needs the final proof by angiography. Endomyocardial or epicardial biopsy identifies the key players of autoreactivity: the infiltrating cells and the bound and circulating antibodies. Before corticoid treatment is started, a viral or microbial aetiology has to be excluded at the site of cardiac inflammation. This again can only be done by the analysis of cardiac tissue samples.
- Track 10-1Left and right catheterization and angiography
- Track 10-2Endomyocardial biopsy
- Track 10-3Pericardiocentesis and pericardiopsy
- Track 10-4Epicardial and pericardial biopsy
Non-invasive cardiac imaging is mostly used to detect the presence of any heart disease. Recently, with advancements in imaging technology, non-invasive imaging has also been used for the detection of presence, severity and prognosis of the cardiac disease. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging is a non-invasive tool to evaluate congenital heart disease in children and adults. Coronary CT angiography and MRI of coronary arteries provide an anatomical assessment of coronary stenosis, whereas the hemodynamic significance of a coronary artery stenosis can be assessed by stress myocardial perfusion imaging.
- Track 11-1Functional imaging
- Track 11-2Anatomical imaging
- Track 11-3Stress echocardiography
- Track 11-4Positron emission tomography
The field of nanotechnology is growing explosively and impinging on all walks of life. Nanotechnology proved to be promising to improve the diagnosis and treatment of heart, lung and blood diseases. Nanotechnology-based local drug delivery has the potential to achieve restenosis prevention while not impeding endothelial healing. Molecularly targeted drugs can be aimed to specifically bind to epitopes in the injured media and adventitia. Nanotechnology can be used in the imaging of atherosclerosis, detection of vulnerable plaque and treatment of vascular stenosis.
- Track 12-1Nano-carriers against atherosclerotic plaques
- Track 12-2Polysaccharide Nano systems for Future Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
- Track 12-3Transmyocardial Revascularization (TMR) by Medical Nanomaterial
- Track 12-4Nano Artificial Heart Valve Surgery
- Track 12-5Nanotechnology for Cardiac Tissue Regeneration
The expression "diabetic coronary illness" (DHD) implies coronary illness that happens in individuals who have high substance of sugar in blood. In correlation with individuals who don't have diabetes, individuals who have diabetes; are at a higher danger of coronary illness, have extra reasons of coronary illness, may create coronary illness at a more youthful age, may have more extreme heart sicknesses. In Congenital Heart Disease, a waxy substance rang plaque works inside the coronary courses. These courses supply our heart muscle with blood rich in oxygen. Plaque constitutes of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and different substances found in the blood. At the point when plaque occurs in the conduits, the condition is called atherosclerosis.
An exhaustive comprehension of onco-cardiology or cardio-oncology is fundamental for the powerful treatment of malignancy patients. Practically all antineoplastic operators are connected with cardiotoxicity. All patients who are being considered for chemotherapy, particularly the individuals who have earlier history of heart malady ought to experience point by point cardiovascular assessment to streamline the treatment. Serial examination of left ventricular systolic capacity and heart biomarkers may likewise be considered in the chosen populaces of patient. Cardio-harmful impacts of chemotherapy can be diminished by the successive utilization of angiotensin-changing over inhibitors of compound, angiotensin receptor blockers, or beta-blockers. Antiplatelet or anticoagulation treatment may be brought in patients with a potential hyper-coagulable state related with chemotherapy or disease.
Cardiac research is been included as a sub topic in cardiology conferences. This sub topic serves as a platform to exchange new advanced and innovative ideas related to the field of cardiology and search for the optimized techniques to improve cardiac health. There are 50 associations and societies and the main association for Interventional cardiology in USA. 120 universities are working on Current Research in Cardiology. Some of the current research topics in cardiology includes; Electrophysiology and Arrhythmia Research, Myocardial and Heart Failure Research
- Track 15-1Neuro cardiology
- Track 15-2Cardiac complications with endocrinal disorders
- Track 15-3Cardiovascular diseases with obesity
- Track 15-4Cardiovascular diseases with breast cancer
Coronary illness is the overwhelming reason of death in the western world. Every year in the U.S.A, over 500,000 men and ladies bite the dust because of coronary vein infection. Amid the most recent two decades, significant steps have been done in the examination and treatment of coronary illness. Atomic Cardiology is the primary purpose behind start of the determination of coronary illness and the appraisal of malady degree and the recognition of results in the setting of coronary supply route ailment. Atomic cardiology thinks about utilize non-intrusive strategies to investigate myocardial blood stream, decide the directing capacity of the heart and additionally imagine the size and setting of a heart assault. Among the strategies of atomic cardiology, myocardial perfusion imaging is the most usually utilized.
Games Cardiology accomplishes heart screenings that distinguish conceivably genuine cardiovascular issues in youthful competitors. Sudden heart failure (SCA) is the real reason of death in practicing youthful competitors, and is most usually set off by issues—as basic heart issue or electrical hardware issues—which are not ordinarily found amid routine physical examinations. A large portion of the conditions that reason sudden cardiovascular demise in youthful competitors are assessed by an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), a non-obtrusive test which computes the electrical action of the heart. Competitors with approved cardiovascular infection or those in danger have specific objectives and destinations at the top of the priority list. They need to keep on playing their game and be exceptionally protected. The primary point of the Sports Cardiology Center is to work with any competitor forward the range - proficient competitors, recreational exercisers, to end of the week warriors to enable them to achieve these objectives.
Heart nursing is an exceptional nursing field which works with patients who experience the ill effects of various states of the cardiovascular framework. Cardiovascular medical attendants help regard and care conditions, for example, precarious angina, cardiomyopathy, coronary course malady, congestive heart disappointment, dead tissue of myocardium and heart arrhythmia under the bearing of a cardiologist. Cardiovascular medical attendants perform post-agent treatment on a surgical unit, stretch test assessments, heart observing, vascular checking, and wellbeing assessments. Cardiovascular attendants work in different sorts of situations, including coronary care units (CCU), catheterization of heart, escalated mind units (ICU), working theaters, heart recovery focuses, clinical research, wards for cardiovascular surgery, cardiovascular concentrated care units (CVICU), and heart therapeutic wards.
The regrowth of organs and tissues of the heart that are lost in damage are called Cardiac Regeneration. This is in divergence to wound mending, which includes shutting of the damage site by shaping a scar. Scarcely any tissues like skin and vast organs, for example, liver regrow promptly, while others have been seen with practically no limit of recovery. In any case in the present research, it recommends that especially in the Lungs and heart, there is promise for an assortment of organs and tissues will in the long run create and the ability to recover.
Cardiology is a branch of prescription manages issue of the heart and parts of the circulatory framework. The Section of Clinical Cardiology access to particular inpatient and outpatient heart care and treatment of heart issues, for example, angina, supply route issues, valvular coronary illness, and heart disappointment. The person who represent considerable authority in this field of drug are called cardiologists, essential mission is to convey high caliber, cardiovascular care to the majority of our patients. Pediatric cardiologist is pediatricians who have gotten broad preparing in diagnosing and treating youngsters' cardiovascular issues.
Electrocardiography (ECG) is the strategy for recordance of the electrical action of the heart over an era utilizing anodes put on the skin. These cathodes help in the identification of the moment electrical changes on the skin that emerge from the electrophysiologic example of heart muscle while depolarizing amid every pulse. This record called the electrocardiogram (otherwise called an ECG), gives data about the piece of the heart that triggers every pulse (the pacemaker called the sino-atrial hub), the nerve conduction pathways of the heart, and the heart rate and beat . As a rule, an ECG is acquired if a heart issue is suspected.
The recent and rapid development of molecular genetics in cardiovascular diseases has created a new understanding of their pathogenesis and natural history, and also new possibilities for the diagnosis of these genetic disorders through genetic testing. This has induced new expectations, and new demands, from both families and physicians regarding genetic counselling, DNA testing and application of this knowledge in clinical practice. A new task for cardiologists is therefore to integrate these data in order to give the most relevant information to the patients and the relatives, to discuss genetic testing, and to use the data to optimise the management of the family. At the same time the various impacts of genetic management such as psychological, social, ethical and legal issues should be recognised, anticipated and taken into account. This is possible through a close collaboration between cardiologists and members of other medical or nonâ€medical disciplines such as geneticists, genetic counsellors, psychologists, and molecular biologists.
- Track 22-1Genetics of Congenital Heart Disease
- Track 22-2Genetic epidemiology and translational cardiovascular genomics
- Track 22-3Cardiovascular Endocrinology
- Track 22-4Genetic Cardiomyopathy
- Track 22-5Genetic Epidemology
Cardiology gatherings incorporates the Cardiac Drugs which are utilized as a part of any approach to treat states of the heart or the circulatory or vascular framework. Many classes of cardiovascular operators are accessible to treat the different cardiovascular conditions. They are a convoluted gathering of medications with many being utilized for different heart conditions. Physician recommended medications and drugs for illnesses identifying with the structure and capacity of the heart and veins. In this sub subject we have Sodium, potassium, calcium channel blockers, ACE-inhibitors and Cardiac biomarkers. There are 6 affiliations and social orders and the principle relationship for Cardiac Therapeutic Agents in USA. 50 colleges are taking a shot at Cardiac Therapeutic Agents.
A pediatric cardiologist is a pediatrician who has earned important preparing in diagnosing and treating kids' heart issues. Assessment and treatment may begin with the embryo as in light of the fact that heart issues would now be able to be identified before birth. The division of Pediatric Cardiology is in charge of the determination of inherent heart surrenders, performing analytic methods, for example, echocardiograms, cardiovascular catheterizations, and electrophysiology considers, and for the on-going administration of the spin-off of coronary illness in newborn children, kids and young people.
Geriatric cardiology implies cardiovascular care of patients 65 years old or more seasoned. The geriatric populace is additionally separated into elderly (between ages 75 and 84 years) and elderly (85 years old or more seasoned), with numbers achieving 40 million and 13 million individuals, individually. Vascular disarranges, for example, atherosclerosis and fringe blood vessel sickness cause critical dreariness and mortality in matured individuals.