Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Cardiology is a branch of prescription that worries illnesses and scatters of the heart, which may extend from innate imperfections through to secure heart infections, for example, coronary corridor sickness and congestive heart disappointment. The field incorporates restorative determination and treatment of intrinsic heart absconds, coronary corridor illness, heart disappointment, valvular coronary illness and electrophysiology. In spite of the fact that the heart and circulatory framework make up your cardiovascular framework. Heart fills in as a pump that pushes blood to the organs, tissues, and cells of your body. Blood conveys oxygen and supplements to each cell and evacuates the carbon dioxide and waste items made by those cells. Blood is conveyed from your heart to whatever is left of the body through a mind boggling system of courses, arterioles, and vessels. Blood is come back to your heart through venules and veins. The restricted framework conveys blood to all parts of body. This procedure of blood stream inside body is called dissemination.

  • Track 1-1Cardiovascular medication
  • Track 1-2Current practices in cardiovascular treatment
  • Track 1-3Percutaneous coronary mediation (PCI)
  • Track 1-4Preventive medication
  • Track 1-5Epidemiology, etiology and genetics of heart
  • Track 1-6Lactate dehydrogenase

The expression "Coronary illness" constitutes various issues, a large portion of which are in connection to a procedure called atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a condition that happens when a substance called plaque develops in the courses' dividers. This development lessens the width of the conduits, making it troublesome for blood to course through. On the off chance that a blood coagulation happens, it can stop the blood stream. This can bring about a heart assault or stroke. Some heart abandons additionally exist in people because of birth deserts.

  • Track 2-1Coronary artery disease
  • Track 2-2Peripheral arterial disease
  • Track 2-3Heart attack
  • Track 2-4Systolic heart failure
  • Track 2-5Rheumatic heart disease
  • Track 2-6Congenital heart disease
  • Track 2-7Atherosclerosis
  • Track 2-8Angina
  • Track 2-9Valvular heart disease

Future cardiology drug mirrors this new period of cardiology and features the new atomic way to deal with progressing cardiovascular treatment. It will likewise uncover the major innovative progression in bioengineering in cardiology as far as cutting edge and powerful gadgets, scaling down, imaging, framework displaying and data administration issues.

  • Track 3-1Personalized medicine in cardiology
  • Track 3-2Real-world evidence and outcomes research
  • Track 3-3Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
  • Track 3-4Stem cell-derived engineered cardiac tissue

Hypertension, likewise called hypertension is a long haul medicinal condition in which the circulatory strain in the corridors is as often as possible lifted. Hypertension as a rule does not cause side effects. Long haul hypertension is a principle hazard factor for coronary supply route malady, stroke, heart disappointment, fringe vascular illness, vision misfortune, and perpetual kidney sickness. It is delegated either essential (basic) hypertension or optional hypertension. Around 90– 95% of cases are essential hypertension, caused because of nonspecific way of life and hereditary variables. Way of life factors that expansion the hazard constitute abundance salt, overabundance body weight, smoking, and liquor. The rest 5– 10% of cases is marked as auxiliary hypertension, characterized as hypertension because of an identifiable reason, as incessant kidney malady, narrowing of the kidney supply routes, a hormone-related confusion, or the utilization of contraception pills. Pulse is figured by two estimations, the systolic and diastolic blood weights, these are the greatest and least weights, separately. Very still, ordinary circulatory strain is inside the scope of 100– 140 mm of mercury (mmHg) amid systole and 60– 90 mmHg diastole.

  • Track 4-1Primary hypertension
  • Track 4-2Secondary hypertension
  • Track 4-3Malignant hypertension
  • Track 4-4Resistant hypertension
  • Track 4-5Hypertensive Encephalopathy
  • Track 4-6Pulmonary hypertension

Interventional cardiology is a branch of cardiology that arrangements particularly with the catheter based treatment of basic heart ailments. Interventional cardiology is a non-careful alternative which utilizes a catheter – a little, adaptable tube – to repair harmed or debilitated vessels, limited courses, or other influenced parts of the heart structure. Countless can be performed on the heart by catheterization. The primary focal points of utilizing the interventional cardiology or radiology approach are the shirking of the scars and torment, and long post-agent recuperation. Furthermore, interventional cardiology technique of essential angioplasty is presently the highest quality level of watch over an intense myocardial localized necrosis.

  • Track 5-1Angioplasty/Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
  • Track 5-2Balloon Valvuloplasty
  • Track 5-3Atherectomy
  • Track 5-4Cardiac Catheterization
  • Track 5-5Embolic protection
  • Track 5-6Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR)
  • Track 5-7Radial artery catheterization
  • Track 5-8Advancements in interventional cardiology
  • Track 5-9Nonsurgical Interventional Treatments

Cardiovascular pharmacology centers around the principal components of cardiovascular cells and the impact of the heart, vascular framework, anxious and endocrine frameworks that take an interest in directing cardiovascular capacity. Analysts watch the impacts of medications on blood vessel weight, blood stream in particular vascular beds, arrival of physiological go betweens, and neural movement emerging from focal sensory system structures.

Cardiovascular toxicology is worried about the antagonistic impacts of outward and natural weights on the heart and vascular framework. Extraneous pressure includes introduction to restorative medications, characteristic items, and ecological toxicants. Inherent pressure alludes to introduction to dangerous metabolites got from nontoxic mixes, for example, those found in sustenance added substances and supplements.

  • Track 6-1Alpha and beta blockers
  • Track 6-2Dual antiplatelet therapy
  • Track 6-3Angiotensin-II receptor blockers
  • Track 6-4Digoxin preparations, diuretic and vasodilators
  • Track 6-5Cardiotoxicology
  • Track 6-6Drug addiction and alcohol dependence
  • Track 6-7Cardiovascular drugs
  • Track 6-8Drug Discovery
  • Track 6-9Pharmacokinetics & pharmacodynamics of Cardiovascular drugs
  • Track 6-10Drug interactions
  • Track 6-11Drug-induced cardiac toxicity

Cardiovascular Research is to take in the essential, translational, and clinical research of cardiovascular sicknesses. Cardiovascular sicknesses, including congestive heart disappointment, hypertension, atherosclerosis, stroke, aneurysms, and vascular auto-safe ailments are the most widely recognized reason for death and incapacity in the United States, and record for roughly 30% of passings and human services costs every year in this nation and created social orders. The mission of Cardiovascular Research is to help interdisciplinary research in essential, translational and clinical cardiovascular sciences, including cardiovascular advancement, work, pathophysiology, pharmacology, hereditary qualities, genomics, and proteomics, and to apply this learning to better comprehend the reasons for cardiovascular infections and to pioneer improvement of new imaginative treatments and ways to deal with avert or treat them.

  • Track 7-1Genetic basis for inherited cardiovascular disease
  • Track 7-2Regenerative biology research
  • Track 7-3Translational research for cardiovascular diseases

The inevitable destiny of cardiology rests in the hands and minds of cardiovascular students and association programs. Direction and planning is rapidly changing, and the perspective of "see one, complete one, indicate one" has now been supplanted by formal examinations of competency, the joining of training change and structures based practice, and a consideration on commitment hours. To remain mindful of the developing data and science in cardiovascular solution, the cardiology amass necessities to see new informational exercises and plan pathways to train, mentor, and instruct students to end up proficient cardiovascular stars.

An exhaustive comprehension of onco-cardiology or cardio-oncology is fundamental for the viable treatment of disease patients. For all intents and purposes every antineoplastic specialist are connected with cardiotoxicity. All patients who are being considered for chemotherapy, particularly the individuals who have earlier history of heart infection ought to experience point by point cardiovascular assessment to streamline the treatment. Serial examination of left ventricular systolic capacity and heart biomarkers may likewise be considered in the chosen populaces of patient. Cardio-poisonous impacts of chemotherapy can be diminished by the continuous utilization of angiotensin-changing over inhibitors of chemical, angiotensin receptor blockers, or beta-blockers. Antiplatelet or anticoagulation treatment may be taken in patients with a potential hyper-coagulable state related with chemotherapy or tumor.

  • Track 9-1Malignancy of the heart
  • Track 9-2Chemotherapy-related cardiac dysfunctions
  • Track 9-3Cardio-oncology programs
  • Track 9-4Intra-cardiac tumor
  • Track 9-5Cardiac Lymphoma
  • Track 9-6Cardiac Metastases

Coronary sickness is the staggering reason of death in the western world. Consistently in the U.S.A, more than 500,000 men and women fail miserably in light of coronary vein disease. In the midst of the latest two decades, critical advances have been done in the examination and treatment of coronary ailment. Nuclear Cardiology is the basic role behind beginning of the assurance of coronary ailment and the evaluation of disease degree and the acknowledgment of results in the setting of coronary supply course affliction. Nuclear cardiology contemplates use non-meddling procedures to explore myocardial circulation system, choose the coordinating limit of the heart and also envision the size and setting of a heart ambush. Among the methodologies of nuclear cardiology, myocardial perfusion imaging is the most generally used.

  • Track 10-1Imaging of the nervous system of the heart
  • Track 10-2Positron emission tomography (PET)
  • Track 10-3Stress testing

Recreations Cardiology achieves heart screenings that recognize possibly certifiable cardiovascular issues in young contenders. Sudden heart disappointment (SCA) is the genuine reason of death in honing energetic contenders, and is most generally set off by issues—as fundamental heart issue or electrical equipment issues—which are not conventionally found in the midst of routine physical examinations. A huge bit of the conditions that reason sudden cardiovascular destruction in young contenders are evaluated by an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), a non-prominent test which registers the electrical activity of the heart. Contenders with affirmed cardiovascular contamination or those in peril have particular goals and goals at the highest point of the need list. They have to continue playing their amusement and be incredibly ensured. The essential purpose of the Sports Cardiology Center is to work with any contender forward the range - capable contenders, recreational exercisers, to end of the week warriors to empower them to accomplish these destinations.

  • Track 11-1Cardiovascular risk in athletes
  • Track 11-2Exercise stress testing
  • Track 11-3Cardiovascular exercise science

Heart nursing is a remarkable nursing field which works with patients who encounter the evil impacts of different conditions of the cardiovascular structure. Cardiovascular therapeutic orderlies encourage respect and care conditions, for instance, unstable angina, cardiomyopathy, coronary course illness, congestive heart dissatisfaction, dead tissue of myocardium and heart arrhythmia under the heading of a cardiologist. Cardiovascular restorative chaperons perform post-specialist treatment on a careful unit, extend test appraisals, heart watching, vascular checking, and prosperity evaluations. Cardiovascular chaperons work in various sorts of circumstances, including coronary care units (CCU), catheterization of heart, raised personality units (ICU), working theaters, heart recuperation centers, clinical research, wards for cardiovascular medical procedure, cardiovascular concentrated care units (CVICU), and heart restorative wards.

  • Track 12-1Cardiac Care Nurses
  • Track 12-2Pediatric Cardiovascular Nursing
  • Track 12-3 Cardiovascular Intensive Care Units
  • Track 12-4Emergency Medicine
  • Track 12-5Nurse Practitioner Education
  • Track 12-6Nurse Practitioner Education

Advances in imaging innovation have started crucial changes in the way to deal with cardiovascular care. A standout amongst the most exact indicative systems cardiovascular imaging utilizes new, non-intrusive and negligibly obtrusive radiology innovation to deliver three-dimensional pictures of the heart. The imaging apparatuses help to find restorative issues that quite a long while back were imperceptible utilizing regular techniques for conclusion. Cardiovascular imaging strategies incorporate coronary catheterization, echocardiogram, and intravascular ultrasound.

  • Track 13-1Echocardiography
  • Track 13-2Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Track 13-3Positron Emission Tomography
  • Track 13-4CT Coronary Angiography (CTCA)
  • Track 13-5Three-dimensional Echocardiography
  • Track 13-6Contrast Echocardiography
  • Track 13-7Multitudinal Echocardiography
  • Track 13-8Diagnosis tests & Procedures in Cardiology
  • Track 13-9Myocardial perfusion imaging

Coronary illness is a getting to be exhaustion condition for some Americans. Step by step it's turning into the main source of death in the United States. There are sure hazard factors which impacting coronary illness specifically. Hazard factors fall under 2 Classes. Modifiable hazard factors are that in which one can control, for example, weight. Non-modifiable hazard factors are what one can't control, similar to hereditary qualities. In spite of the fact that the recognizable proof of Cardiovascular Diseases is astonishing, there square measure in a few way choices which make to help to oppose this infection. Admission nourishment, Quitting smoking, working out, and decreasing pressure and high weight level with noteworthy effect on counteracting cardiovascular malady.

  • Track 14-1Primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases
  • Track 14-2Secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases

This section exhibits some preparatory discoveries and speculations drawn from field interviews with key members who are associated with the advancement procedure in two vital and generally utilized innovations that give indicative data about the heart. It gives a discussion to unique and audit articles identified with test cardiology that meet its stringent logical principles. Investigation of this speculative model of the advancement procedure helped us to recognize a few purposes of use for expanding the rate and honing the focal point of development. We talk about how these levers could profitably empower changes in administrative and open approach. On the off chance that quite a bit of what will come to pass through the span of a day includes the utilization of different restorative items, at that point what is required are techniques by which there can be a learning exchange (training) between the business and cardiovascular clinicians. A significant part of the advance in cardiology amid the twentieth century was made conceivable by enhanced indicative apparatuses.

  • Track 15-1Clinical trials in Cardiology
  • Track 15-2Antibiotic Resistance
  • Track 15-3Cardiovascular Drugs Market Analysis

The expression "Diabetic Heart Disease" (DHD) alludes to coronary illness that creates in individuals who have diabetes. Contrasted and individuals who don't have diabetes, individuals who have diabetes:
Are at higher hazard for coronary illness
Have extra reasons for coronary illness
May create coronary illness at a more youthful age
May have more serious coronary illness
Numerous individuals with diabetes likewise have coronary illness. When you get things done to deal with your diabetes, as deal with your glucose, work out, and eat a sound eating regimen, that is additionally useful for your heart. It's critical to comprehend your hazard and how you can bring down it.This Cardiology meeting or rather all cardiology gatherings will help in systems administration, B2B cooperating amongst experts and academicians. Cardiology gatherings, heart meetings are vital for the ordinary citizens to know about the most critical piece of human body.

  • Track 16-1Diabetes as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease
  • Track 16-2Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Complications and Treatment
  • Track 16-3Prediction and prevention of cardiovascular events among diabetics
  • Track 16-4Assessment of chest pain and the conclusion of cardiovascular ailments among diabetic

Master fetal heart assessment is performed utilizing prevalent ultrasound apparatus with the most astounding determination imaging accessible, including 2D and Doppler investigation, and 3D and 4D innovation. Beginning location of growth in youngsters additionally is taking prior consideration in Clinical Pediatrics tumor. This enables us to perform first trimester screening so patients can be alluded at the most punctual phases of pregnancy. Clinical Pediatrics sensitivity is additionally a standout amongst the most critical and broadly contemplated regions in novel research of this field, Clinical Pediatrics is a therapeutic diary that take after to kid focus mind, the clinical, logical, conduct, instructive, or moral nature. The Fetal Cardiology Program offers assessment, analysis and administration of pregnancies in danger for fetal auxiliary heart imperfections and beat unsettling influences.

  • Track 17-1Premature Atrial Contraction
  • Track 17-2Ventricular Septal Defect.
  • Track 17-3Atrial septal defects
  • Track 17-4Critical Congenital Heart Defect.
  • Track 17-5Fetal Cardiac Intervention
  • Track 17-6Neonatal Heart Surgery
  • Track 17-7Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome
  • Track 17-8Patent ductus arteriosus

Stoutness is a noteworthy supporter of the predominance of cardiovascular malady in the created world, and same level of consideration as other hazard components of coronary corridor ailment. It is an unending metabolic issue related with cardiovascular malady and expanded horribleness and mortality. It involves a comparing increment in the quantity of people burdened with the metabolic disorder, which characterizes the hefty patient as being "in danger.", by changing lipids, diminishing circulatory strain, and diminishing levels of glycaemia, proinflammatory cytokines, and attachment atoms, weight reduction may keep the movement of atherosclerosis or the event of intense coronary disorder occasions in the large high-hazard populace.

  • Track 18-1Abnormal cholesterol and high triglycerides
  • Track 18-2Obesity & Adipose Tissue Biology
  • Track 18-3Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  • Track 18-4Obesity and Heart Failure

Heart medical procedure or cardiovascular medical procedure will be medical procedure on the heart or exceptional vessels performed by means of heart experts. It is routinely used to treat complexities of ischemic heart disorders like - coronary vein avoid joining to overhaul inherent coronary sickness or to treat Valvular coronary ailment from various causes, including endocarditis, rheumatic coronary ailment, and atherosclerosis. It moreover fuses heart transplantation. Now and again, it is done to treat disturbs of ischemic coronary infirmity, change characteristic coronary ailment, or treat valvular coronary affliction from different causes including endocarditis, rheumatic coronary sickness and atherosclerosis. It moreover consolidates heart transplantation. The progress of cardiovascular medical procedure and cardiopulmonary evade methodologies has diminished the demise rates of these medical procedures to all around low positions. The various sorts of heart medical procedure consolidate Coronary Bypass medical procedure, Open Heart Surgery, Heart Valve Repair or Replacement, Off-Pump Heart Surgery, Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery. Stroke occurs in 2– 3% shockingly encountering cardiovascular medical procedure, and is higher in patients in peril for stroke. Cardiovascular medical procedure which is generally called medical procedure thoracic medical procedure is taken a shot at the heart or unbelievable vessels by means of heart authorities and it is the field of medication drew in with careful treatment of organs inside the thorax. The medical procedure requires postoperative care to avoid disarrays

  • Track 19-1Coronary artery bypass graft surgery
  • Track 19-2Minimally invasive surgery
  • Track 19-3Cardiothoracic surgery
  • Track 19-4Open heart surgery
  • Track 19-5Heart transplant

Cardiothoracic anesthesiology is a subspeciality of the restorative routine with regards to anesthesiology gave to the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care of grown-up and pediatric patients experiencing cardiothoracic medical procedure and related obtrusive methodology.

It manages the anesthesia parts of care identified with careful cases, for example, open heart medical procedure, lung medical procedure, and different activities of the human chest. These viewpoints incorporate perioperative care with master control of patient cardiopulmonary physiology through exact and propelled utilization of pharmacology, resuscitative systems, basic care pharmaceutical, and intrusive techniques. This additionally incorporates administration of the cardiopulmonary sidestep (heart-lung) machine, which most cardiovascular techniques require intraoperatively while the heart experiences careful redress

Molecular Cardiology is the investigation of hereditary heart issue and to lessen human infection through the combination of fundamental science look into and clinical cardiology.

Flow inquire about program additionally incorporate the connection between natural elements, metabolic malady and untimely cardiovascular maturing. These goals are expert by a translational approach intended to portray cardiovascular illness phenotypes through novel advancements, hereditarily designed creature models and human examinations.

  • Track 21-1Genetic basis for inherited cardiovascular disease
  • Track 21-2Gene analysis in the diseased heart
  • Track 21-3Integrins and chemokine receptors in cardiovascular disease
  • Track 21-4Transgenic techniques in cardiac research

The Vascular Biology exists as a boundless train that incorporates investigation of vascular capacity, structure, development and also advancement. This field involves examination at basically all levels, including investigations of particles, cells, organs additionally in place creatures. Annoyances of vascular capacity be there engaged with different pathophysiological states, with neoplasia, aggravation, maturing, neurological sicknesses, metabolic disarranges aspiratory illnesses likewise hypertension.

  • Track 22-1Valvular heart disease
  • Track 22-2Left and right atrial thrombus
  • Track 22-3Endovascular Intervention

Cardiovascular Engineering fortifies inventive strategies and mechanical progressions in the essential comprehension of the cardiovascular framework and in cardiovascular analysis and treatment applications. Unique Contributions layout new ideas and applications in cardiovascular mechanics, cardiology applications and indicative strategies, heart and vascular imaging, gadgets and instrumentation, hemodynamic checking and estimations, heart help, vascular unions and counterfeit hearts, cardiovascular electrophysiology procedures, PC demonstrating and sedate conveyance frameworks

  • Track 23-1Hemodynamics and tissue biomechanics
  • Track 23-2Implantable medical devices
  • Track 23-3Biomechanical evaluation of the heart failure
  • Track 23-4Fluid dynamics and mechanics of blood

Cardiogeriatrics or geriatric cardiology manages the cardiovascular analysis and administration of coronary illness in the elderly populace. As the populace ages, an expanding number of elderly individuals will create cardiovascular infections and will endure their outcomes. Cardiovascular scatters, for example, coronary illness and others are normal and are a noteworthy reason for mortality in elderly individuals. Vascular disarranges, for example, atherosclerosis and fringe blood vessel infection cause huge horribleness in matured individuals. Cardiovascular illness at elderly age is superimposed on the cardiovascular changes of maturing, the majority of which underlie numerous basic issue of maturing and point of confinement the physiologic compensatory instruments for ailment.

CVD is likewise typically more risky in more seasoned patients. It regularly emits with numerous synchronous CVD forms (e.g., intense coronary disorder, heart disappointment, and atrial fibrillation) and in blend with non-cardiovascular pathologies (e.g., pneumonia, renal inadequacy, pallor, perpetual lung sickness, diabetes, stroke). Such multisystem malady mixes are more subject to overpower the lessened CV save limit of maturing, therefore prompting antagonistic results.

  • Track 24-1Clinical geriatric cardiology
  • Track 24-2Cardiovascular care of older people
  • Track 24-3Altered pharmacokinetics in aging

Veterinary Cardiology for the most part manages the examination and treatment of illness state of cardiovascular framework in felines and mutts (pet's heart and veins). The heart issues may incorporate canine and cat congestive heart disappointment, hypertension, expanded and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and valvular issue. Because of the interrelation in the capacity of pet's heart and lungs, veterinary cardiologists are proficient about lung sicknesses and also illnesses of the chest depression. Numerous pets with coronary illness are asymptomatic. A veterinary cardiology master will play out an entire and intensive physical examination on creature and further creature's previous history and current solutions are checked on and in view of these discoveries, extra tests will be performed.

  • Track 25-1cardiac diseases in animals
  • Track 25-2Cardiac surgery for small animals
  • Track 25-3Diagnostic tests and treatment for cardiac problems

Cardiovascular Pathology is instrumental in diagnosing and arranging treatment for the extensive variety of heart sicknesses and disarranges A pathologist may look at an extensive variety of natural materials over the span of acquiring a finding, including heart tissue, blood, and even DNA. Cardiovascular Pathology likewise performs dissections—the examination of organic materials after a demise. Post-mortem pathology can assume an imperative part in deciding the reason for a demise, recognizing new infections, and deciding while surviving relatives ought to be screened for acquired heart conditions.

Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is characterized as the cognizant, express, and prudent utilization of the best confirmation accessible in restorative writing for settling on choices identified with the administration of patients. It comprises of a deliberate procedure of choice, examination, and utilization of legitimate aftereffects of logical productions as the reason for clinical decisions. Such choices incorporate measuring hazard, picking indicative techniques, building up an anticipation, and picking the best restorative approach.

Cardiovascular markers are biomarkers which are utilized to gauge the assess heart work. These are regularly examined with regards to myocardial localized necrosis yet other a few conditions can prompt rise in cardiovascular marker level. The vast majority of the early markers are recognized as proteins so thus the term Cardiac Enzymes are likewise utilized here and there. Estimating cardiovascular biomarkers can be a stage towards making a determination for a condition though heart imaging frequently affirms an analysis, less difficult and more affordable heart biomarker estimations should be possible when a doctor prompt whether more confused or obtrusive methods are justified. As a rule specialists promote biomarker estimations an underlying testing technique for patients particularly with generally safe of cardiovascular demise.

  • Track 29-1Myoglobin
  • Track 29-2Creatine kinase
  • Track 29-3Troponin

Cardiovascular electrophysiology is the exploration of illustrating, diagnosing, and treating the electrical exercises of the heart. The term is generally used to portray investigations of such marvels by obtrusive (intracardiac) catheter recording of unconstrained movement and additionally of cardiovascular reactions to modified programmed electrical stimulation (PES). These examinations are performed to survey complex arrhythmias, illustrate indications, assess anomalous electrocardiograms, evaluate danger of developing arrhythmias later on, and plan treatment.