Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular diseases are universal cause leading to increased mortality. This is worldwide fact except in Africa. Together they resulted in 17.9 million deaths (32.1%) in 2015 up from 12.3 million (25.8%) in 1990. Deaths, at a given age, due to cardiovascular diseases are more common and have been increasing in much of the developing countries, while rates have declined in most of the developed countries since 1970s. Coronary artery disease and stroke constitute for 80% of CVD deaths in males and 75% of CVD deaths in females. Most cardiovascular disease affects older adults. In the United States 11% of people between 20 and 40 suffer from CVD, while 37% between 40 and 60, 71% of people between 60 and 80, and 85% of people over 80 have CVD. The average count of deaths from coronary artery disease in the developed world is around 80 years of age while it is around 68 years in the developing world. Disease onset is generally seven to ten years earlier in men as compared to women.